Know the factors which can adversely affect your gums
- 04 06
Gum disease is the inflammation of one’s gums to put it in simple words. It is very common in all the age levels. There are three main types of gum diseases, and they are Gingivitis, Periodontitis and Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis.
Symptoms of Gum disease include pain in the mouth, swollen red and tender gums, the teeth becomes longer than before; a sign of gums pushing or pulling back, gaps in between the teeth or separation of the teeth, when pus begins to develop in between the teeth. The mouth becomes sore with continuous bad breath, teeth changes when one tries to bite, partial denture change, tooth loss, gum bleeding while brushing teeth, ulcers occur that causes pain. One also suffers from problem while talking or swallowing and other such diseases like persistent fever and common sickness.
Some other factors which affect gums:
Natural hormonal changes in men and women- Such changes make the teeth sensitive and gingivitis develops easily.
Smoking - Smoking affects gums so negligible consumption makes it lessen down the gum disease.
Diabetes - People who are already suffering from diabetes have higher risk of developing gum disease
Genetic phenomenon-some medicines cause side effect naturally occurs
Medications - Some medicines have side effect which cause an abnormal growth of the gum tissue
Other illness- AIDS and cancer can cause adverse effects
Treatment of the gum disease varies with the extent. There are number of treatments and other options by which one can be cured of gum disease. But like any treatment precaution must be taken by the patients at home which will be of some relief and also help in better curing with extensive treatments or surgical procedures. Some of the treatments are as follows:
The dentist cleans and rubs of the plaque by scaling. The tartar is removed from the upper tip and lower gum line. The rugged spots and marks are also removed where the gums get stuck. Laser method is also applied to remove the plaque and tartar. The traditional method of profound cleaning varies from this newer version since it does not lead to bleeding and less pain.
Whether the medications are successful in the long run or not is still debatable since surgery always seems to be a better option for the dentists. Usually first an antimicrobial mouth rinse is prescribed which controls bacteria. An antiseptic chip is used which reduces the gaps in the teeth. Antibiotic gels and microspheres are also used with an enzyme suppressant.
If the inflammation and the gaps do not reduce then the dentist may go in for surgical treatments like the flap surgery which is very common as it lifts the tartar from the gums and after the surgery the gums heals quickly. Another one is bone and tissue grafts in which a replacement of the lost bone is added and in between the gums and the bone a mesh like substance is put to prevent the growth of gums over the bone.
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